Kökar is an island of opposites.
#1 Insignificant but substantial
When it comes to population, Kökar is one of the smallest EU islands, with only 234 resident inhabitants. But politically speaking, the island is a full-scale municipality. The residents of Kökar govern themselves with a Council, Mayor, board and committees, and thus have an important impact on their own energy situation.
#2 Dry and wet
When it comes to surface area, Kökar is one of the smallest among the 26 islands selected for support by the Clean Energy for EU Islands Secretariat, with a dry (land) area of only 64 km2. But an island wouldn’t be an island without the water surrounding it – in the case of Kökar, only 3% of the island’s total area is land mass. If you take into account the waters around it, you’re looking at a total of 2,165 km2 belonging to the municipality. Like Favignana and Cape Clear, Kökar is made up of fragments of the mainland out at sea. This makes the island different from towns and rural landscapes, and sets the scene for its energy transition.
#3 Near and far
Kökar belongs and is close to the Åland Islands, only 31km as the crow flies. As people aren’t crows, you need to take a ferry to reach Kökar, which takes 2,5 hours and leads you through a beautiful archipelago. 2,5 hours is what many city residents spend on the subway every day, and it is the same time it takes to fly from Lisbon to the Azores, another of the 26 islands. Consequently, although the real distance to Kökar is short, the perceived distance is (very) far.
A long tradition of sustainability
The residents of Kökar have been mindful about their overall sustainability for quite some years now, and have previously received funding from the Central Baltic Interreg program to make a long-term development plan for their island. The project started in the second half of 2018. It involves each and every citizen, includes all aspects of sustainability, and it is the hotbed from which the island’s application to work with the Clean Energy for EU Islands Secretariat emerged.